Changbai Mountain National Natural Reserve is located in the Southeast of Jilin province, and adjoins the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea with its Southeastern part. Established in 1960, Changbai Mountain National Natural Reserve is one of the oldest and most important Nature Reserves in China, and mainly conserve biodiversity in forest ecosystems. In January 1980, Changbai Mountain Natural Reserve joined in the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Reserves Network after the application by the State Council. In July 1986, it was approved to be “National Forest and Wildlife Type Natural Reserve” by the State Council.
The forest ecosystem of Changbai Mountain is fairly complete, and has one of the highest species richness and best conserved biodiversity in the areas along the same latitude in the world. It is most representative typical natural complexes in the northern Eurasian continent and rare Species Gene Pool. It provides natural laboratory for forest ecosystem research and education, and natural museum for publicizing environmental protection. There are 2806 species of plant and 1558 species of animals in Changbai Mountain Natural Reserve. Changbai Mountain Natural Reserve is assessed as “Grade A Protected Area of Global Importance” in August 1992 by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), and ranked 28th as one of the most important monitoring mountainous areas by MAB and other ten international organizations in 2003.
Changbai Mountain is the source of the three big rivers in Northeast China, namely the Songhua, Tumen and Yalu rivers. The forest ecosystem of Changbai Mountain, which is a vital green screen of ecological safety in the lower reaches of three rivers, plays an extremely important role in conserving water, preserving water and soil, purifying water and air and improving regional climate. It has a fundamental significance in sheltering the environment, ensuring and accelerating the high-speed economic development in the lower reaches of three rivers.